Watts Hour and Ampere Hour
The capacity of a battery life is specified either in Ampere Hour or in Watts Hour. Let us understand the two terms and the inter relation between them.
The Ampere Hour is more intuitive term for expressing the battery life. If a battery is specified at 20 Ampere hour then the implication is simple – A 20 Ampere hour battery life will last for 20 hours if it draws 1 Ampere of current. It will last for 10 hours if it draws 2 Ampere of current. Simple ?
The problem with the Ampere hour specification is that it does not specify the Voltage at the battery. Let us say you have two batteries. Both the batteries A and B has a Ampere Hour rating of 10 Ampere Hour. However, Battery A is at 3.6 Volts while the Battery B is at 7.2 Volts. Now if you draw 1 Ampere of current from both the batteries, both will last 10 hours. But the Battery B is delivering 1 Ampere at 7.2 Volts while the battery A is delivering it at only 3.6 Volts. I strictly technical terms we say that battery B has double the capacity of the battery A.
This is where the Watt hours come in play. If a battery is rated 20 Watt hours, it will mean that it will last for 20 hours if 1 Watt power is drawn from it. Now watt is defined at the product of the Volt ( at the battery) and Ampere ( drawn from the battery).
In the previous example, the 20 Ampere Hour 7.2 Volt battery would be rated as 1440 Watt Hour while the 20 Ampere Hour 3.6 Volt battery would be rated at 720 Watt Hour.
You can use the battery life calculator to calculate the life of a battery. This calculator just calculates the battery life if you know the Ampere Hour rating and the current drawn from the battery.
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